Free Rental Agreement Templates (US) | General Terms & Laws

The lease agreement is a legally binding contract that is used to explain the obligations and rights of both the landlord and the tenant. The lease agreement binds a landlord, no matter the size of the space they are renting out. The lease agreement is binding whether or not the landlord has a personal or family relationship with the tenant, and it is important for legal protection in case of any problems with the tenants.

By definition,

A rental lease agreement is a document that establishes the terms under which a tenant rents a commercial or residential property from a landlord.

In this article, we have provided free rental agreement templates along with a what to include guide. But first, let us get familiar with the purpose of this agreement

Alternate names 

The rental lease agreement is referred to by several other names which are listed below:

  • Rental agreement
  • Lease agreement
  • Rental lease agreement
  • Apartment lease
  • Rental contracts
  • Please form
  • House rental agreement

Need for a rental lease agreement

A rental lease agreement will be useful for various individuals especially the ones listed below;

  • A home owner looking for tenants.
  • Tenants looking for a home to rent.
  • Individuals renting residential property to family all friends.
  • Tenants or landlords looking to rent their property with an option to purchase.
  • Landlord’s property managers and tenants placement services
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Standard Lease Agreements

A standard residential lease agreement template generally includes the basic information for both parties as well as the property details. Both parties are required to include their contact information. The lease agreement template also contains specifics of the lease such as the type of lease and the length of the lease term. A standard lease should also state the rental rights and obligations of each party as well as the rent details including the pay frequency, the amount due, and late fees as well as other payment information such as security deposit details.

Standard residential leases can also include the following additional material;

  • The option to renew the lease at the end of the lease period.
  • The option to purchase the property.
  • Possible signing incentives for the employee.
  • Methods for dispute resolution.

Parties in a Lease Agreement Template

A lease agreement template is a fillable agreement between the landlord, sublandlord, tenant, and/or subtenant. The parties involved in the lease agreement template are the only parties recognized in the agreement for any legal obligations or proceedings.

  • The landlord– This is the person or organization that owns or manages the rental property. The landlord is the creator of the original lease.
  • Sublandlord– Also known as the original tenant the sub landlord is the person who is subleasing all or part of the rental property to a third party. If for instance, a University student who is renting out their apartment to someone else for the summer while they visit home is the sub landlord.
  • The tenants– This is the original person who entered into lease agreement template with the landlord and leaves on the rental property in exchange for regular payments.
  • Subtenant– The subtenant is the person temporary renting the property from both the landlord and the sub landlord. In the example above the subtenant is the person who brings the university students apartment.

General Terms of a Rental Agreement Template

In the course of crafting a rental agreement template, the best approach is to have the main items such as the rent and the length of the lease negotiated between the landlord and the tenant to avoid any chance that necessitates rewriting the entire documents.
These are the main lease terms in alphabetical order:

Alterations

Most lenders typically do not allow any modification to their property. If alterations are completed by the tenant the property should be returned to the original status at the start of the lease. If for instance, a tenant decides to paint the apartment a different color than the original color usually the landlord will ask the tenant to bear the cost of repainting the apartment to the original color.

Appliances

The landlord is required to describe all appliances on the premises prior to the date the tenant moves in. Appliances can include washer or dryer microwaves and other appliances.

Conditions

If the lease agreement template has other conditions that may not have been mentioned these conditions should be listed last before the signature area.

Verbal agreements

Agreements reached by oral discussions are not honored by a court of law. Prior to listing terms in the contract the landlord and tenant should have negotiated all items.

Furnishings

When the tenants moved in every property was finished all items should be listed. Items include desks musical instruments beds chairs and other valuable items. By having a comprehensive list of items and their property when the tenants moved in the landlord can ensure that the tenant does not vacate the property with some items belonging to the landlord.

Waterbeds

Over the years liquid-filled furnishings have caused dire consequences to properties and as such most landlords are required to buy this type of furniture on their property. Water damage can be expensive and if enough water leaks it can promote mold growth underneath carpeting.

Guests

A specified maximum number of people the tenant is allowed to invite into the property should be included to discourage constant parties and loud occupants.

Maximum time period

The landlord reserves the right to set a maximum time frame for how long guests may stay on the property.

House rules

This term is used mainly for roommate situations. House rules such as common areas cleaning times, quiet times or other regulations should be listed.

Insurance (bond)

It is recommended in some States and required in others that the landlord disclose is the type and amount of insurance coverage the property on the tenant’s behalf.

Late charges

Landlords try to finalize a tenant for not paying their rent in a timely manner by having a late fee. In some States, there are limits on how much a landlord recharge however it is always recommended that the landlord has a late charge fee.

Monthly rent

The monthly rent is paid typically on the first day of the month.

Payment’s location

The preferred mode of payment, as well as the payments procedure, should be clearly stated in the lease.

Notices

In the event that the landlord or tenant violates any part of the lease, both parties should have mailing addresses as well as email addresses where the other party may be able to send a notice.

Parking

If the premises has a parking space the landlord reserves the right to offer a spot for the tenant.

Parking fee

The landlord comes only charges a parking fee, especially in urban locations.

Pet fee/deposit

Animals typically cause extra wear and tears on the property. And as such the landlord may elect to charge a fee or deposit in case major damage is caused by the animal.

Receipt of agreement

The lease payments are invalid unless all parties have received receipt and acknowledgment of the lease. All parties must have received the copy for the form to be legally valid.

Subletting

Subletting is when the tenant acts as the landlord and re-leases the property to two other individuals. The individuals renting from such a tenant are referred to as the sublessee. Subletting is prohibited in most leases and if it is allowed it is usually expressly stated in written consent by the landlord.

With the rising popularity of Airbnb, the tenant may be interested in making an additional income by renting the property on a short-term basis. The tenant is required to make their intentions known and establish terms in the lease agreement templates to ensure that there’s no miscommunication as to whether or not the tenant is allowed.

Term

This refers to the length of the lease agreement template and should be described. There are a few different types of terms;

  • The fixed term which is commonly one year but may be any period as agreed upon by both parties.
  • The month-to-month term and has the tenants and landlord to have an ongoing lease with either party having the right to cancel within a specified period. The specified period of time is either stated in the agreement or by using the minimum requirements according to state law. Tenants and landlords are allowed to cancel with at least 30 to 60 days’ notice under most month-to-month tenancy terms.

Attorney Fees: The attorney fees are the monetary payment made to a lawyer for the services rendered in drafting and implementing the lease agreement template.

Condemnation: Condemnation is the government seizure of a privately-owned property for public purposes like the construction of a highway.

Termination

Typically there is no option for tenants to cancel the lease. However, if there is an option it is usually not free for the tenant.

Utilities

The landlord reserves the right to pay known some or all of the tenants’ utilities. Most landlords provide some utilities such as water but will decide to Let the tenants decide for themselves whether to keep or discontinue other utilities.

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Preparing a Residential Lease Agreement Template

The residential lease is a legally binding agreement between the landlord and the tenant, and as such, should not be written without including all necessary elements.
Here is a step by step procedure to guide you through filling your lease agreement template:

Date

Prior to creating a lease agreement template, the landlord is required to decide if the lease should end on a set date or not. If a lease has a predetermined end date, it is referred t as a fixed-term lease. A fixed-term lease involved the tenant agreeing to rent the property for a certain period at a fixed price. Calendar dates are used to specify the start and end of the lease.

The landlord may enter into another lease with updated dates with the tenant, or move on to another tenant. If the lease has no end date specified, it is referred to as a periodic tenancy or automatic renewal lease. An automatic renewal lease, as the name implies automatically renews after a certain predetermined duration, either monthly, bi-annually or annually.

The landlord continues to rent the property to the tenant until either party provides appropriate notice signifying an interest in ending the lease. Depending on the situation in which they are used, both the fixed-term lease and the automatic renewal lease have their own advantages and disadvantages.

Names the parties

It is vital for a rental agreement template to name the parties signing the lease and where they live. The first thing to write down is the landlord or property management company and their current address followed by the tenant or tenants and their current address.

Describe the premises

The exact address and type of property being rented such as a house or apartment or condominium are regarded as the premises. Also, include the utilities such as electricity, heating water, and others.

Define the term of lease

The term of the lease is the length of time for which the tenant will occupy the listed property. The extended lease agreement template should detail exactly when the leaves begin and when it ends. There are two types of Lease:

  • Fixed-term rental lease– This refers to and agreements set for a predetermined or fixed period of time. A fixed-term rental lease expires on the end date listed in the lease agreement template; it is typically up to six months a year or two from the start date.
  • Month-to-month rental lease– This type of lease agreement template is valid only for one month with no defined end date. The list continues on a monthly basis until either the landlord or tenant terminates the agreement.

Set how much rent is owed

A standard lease agreement template must explicitly state the monthly rental amount and outline the consequences of late payments. The landlord reserves the right to decide how much rent to charge on a monthly basis however the cost is usually comparable to other rental properties within the same area. Additionally, standard rent control laws may limit the amount that the landlord can charge for rent.

Assign a security deposit amount

A security deposit is a predetermined amount of money collected at the beginning of the leaves. A landlord has the right to collect a security deposit from their tenants. however, the purpose for which the money can be used as strictly determined by the security deposit laws of the state under which the property Falls.

Specify other fees

Fees include garbage, parking, and other expenses that will be incurred during the stay of the tenant.

State the move-in date

The move-in date is the agreed-upon date when the tenant may move into the property. The landlord should state the move-in date and conclude all renovations and repairs before the set date.

Finalize the lease

Once the details of the lease have been discussed and agreed upon by the landlord and tenant, the landlord may decide to finalize the lease by following these steps outlined below;

Print– At least two copies of the rental lease should be printed. One is to be held by the landlord and the other by the tenant.
Sign– Both copies of the lease agreement template form should be signed by both the landlord and the tenant.
Save– A hard copy of the signed documents should be filed in a safe place while an electronic copy for extra safekeeping should be scanned and saved as well.

Free Rental Agreement Templates

Here are free and customized lease agreement templates to download:

Standard Lease Agreement Templates

Commercial Rental Leese Agreement 01

Commercial Rental Leese Agreement 02

Condominium Rental Leese Agreement

Equipment Rental Leese Agreement

Family Member Rental Leese Agreement

Hunting Rental Leese Agreement

Land Rental Leese Agreement

Month to Month Rental Leese Agreement 01

Month to Month Rental Leese Agreement 02

Parking Space Rental Leese Agreement

Rent to Own Rental Leese Agreement

Roommate Rental Leese Agreement

Sample Rental Leese Agreement 01

Sample Rental Leese Agreement 02

Sample Rental Leese Agreement 03

Short Term Rental Leese Agreement

Standard Rental Leese Agreement

Vacation Rental Leese Agreement

    Lease Agreement Templates by states

    Lease Agreement Disclosures and Addendums

    Every rental property varies from the next, and the laws governing these properties vary by state. Hence, the lease agreement template requires additional disclosures and addendums. Lease agreement template disclosures and addendums are attached separately to the lease agreement template, and they are meant to inform the tenant about the issues with the property as well as the tenant’s rights.

    Some of these include;

    Asbestos disclosure

    Asbestos disclosure notifies tenants of the existence of asbestos at the property. It is usually required for properties built before 1979. Bed bug addendum

    Bed Bug Addendum explains the correct course of action by both parties in the event of a bedbug infestation.

    Smoke detector addendum

    The carbon monoxide and smoke detector addendum state whether or not the landlord will provide smoke detectors as well as the responsibility of the tenant for keeping the smoke detectors in good condition.

    Death in rental unit disclosure

    Death in rental unit disclosure provides the tenants with information as to if a person has died in the rental property prior to the lease. Disclosure of lead-based hazards

    Disclosure of lead-based hazards notifies the tenants of the existence of lead-based paint or other materials. It is required for properties built prior to 1979.

    Flood hazard area disclosure

    Flood hazard area disclosure States if the property is located in a special flood hazard area.

    Foreclosure notice

    Foreclosure notice should be provided to the tenant during the lease if the landlord needs to explain that the rental agreement template terminates on a specified date.

    Illegal substance disclosure

    Illegal substances contamination disclosure notifies the tenant if part of the property has been contaminated as a result of the manufacturing or storage of an illegal substance, methamphetamine for example.

    Mold disclosure

    Mold disclosure notifies the tenant that the property contains or may contain mold and if the landlord will fix it or not.

    Notice of abandoned personal property

    Notice of abandoned personal property informs the tenant that they left some items behind in the rental unit when they vacated the premises. It notifies the tenant that they need to recover or retrieve these items before the items are thrown out of the property.

    Pet addendum

    The Pet addendum states the rules of the property regarding pets.

    Shared utilities disclosure

    Shared utility disclosure explains how the expenses of the utilities are calculated and shared between multiple residents in the property.

    Smoking lease addendum

    The smoking lease addendum informs the tenant about the property rules concerning the smoking of tobacco or marijuana in the property.

    Violations of a Lease Agreement

    In the event that a tenant violates the lease, the landlord should attempt to resolve the problem by providing the tenant with a chance to fix the violation. If the violation is a major one such as using the property to manufacture or sell illegal drugs, the landlord is required to report the crime. If the issue of the violation is not resolved within a specified period of time as stipulated by the state laws, the landlord can begin the eviction process to remove the tenant from the property.

    If any one or more of the terms of the lease is violated, the tenant is required to enforce the penalties of such violations in accordance with the state laws governing the property.

    Late rent violation

    If the tenant is late with the payment, the landlord may choose from a few options. First, the landlord may accept a late fee for the late payments. Second, if the state law permits it, the landlord may serve the tenant with a notice to pay or quit, stating the landlord’s right to terminate the lease if the tenant does not pay by a specific date.

    Apart from the late rent violation, other violations; committed by the tenant; requires the landlord to give the notice to comply or quit. The notice to comply or quit gives the tenant a certain amount of time to rectify the violation or face eviction action.

    Other violations include the following:

    • Loud Music
    • Property Damage
    • Too Many Guests
    • Unauthorized Pets
    • Illegal Activity

    In most states, the landlord is required to give disclosures to the tenant. These are the most common disclosures addendums and notices given to the tenants by the landlord:

    • Tenants’ rejection letter
    • Security deposit return letter to submit my security deposit receipt
    • Rent increase letter
    • Rent receipt
    • Personal guarantee
    • Notice to enter
    • Move in/move out inspection checklist
    • Lead based paint disclosure
    • Eviction forms.
    • Assignments of lease
    • Current rent balance letter
    • Background check authorization

    Landlord-Tenant Laws

    The relationship between a landlord and tenant is governed by law. However, these laws may change from state to state. Landlord-tenant laws are put in place by the government to ensure that the landlord treats the tenant fairly, and the tenant conducts themselves responsibly while occupying the property.

    Eviction laws

    As with other landlord-tenant laws, the eviction laws vary from state to state and each state has its eviction notice procedures for each lease violation. 

    StateLaw
    AlabamaTitle 35, Chapter 9A (Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act)
    AlaskaTitle 34, Chapter 3 (Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act)
    ArizonaTitle 33, Chapter 10 (Residential Landlord and Tenant Act)
    ArkansasTitle 18, Subtitle 2, Chapter 17 (Arkansas Residential Landlord-Tenant Act)
    CaliforniaA Guide to Residential Tenants’ and Landlords’ Rights and Responsibilities
    ColoradoTitle 38, Article 12 – Tenant & Landlord
    ConnecticutChapter 830 – Rights and Responsibilities of Landlord and Tenant
    DelawareTitle 25 (Landlord-Tenant Code)
    FloridaTitle VI, Chapter 83, Part II – Residential Tenancies
    GeorgiaTitle 44, Chapter 7 – Landlord and Tenant
    HawaiiChapter 521 Residential Landlord-Tenant Code
    IdahoLandlord and Tenant Guidelines
    Illinois765 ILCS 705/ – Landlord and Tenant Act
    IndianaTitle 32, Article 31 (Landlord-Tenant Relations)
    IowaChapter 562A (Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Law)
    KansasChapter 58, Article 25 (Landlords and Tenants)
    KentuckyKRS Chapter 383 (Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act)
    LouisianaAttorney General’s Guide to Landlord and Tenant Laws
    MaineTitle 14, Chapter  710 (Rental Property)
    MarylandReal Property, Title 8 (Landlord and Tenant)
    MassachusettsChapter 186 (Estates for years and at will)
    MichiganChapter 554 (Real and Personal Property)
    MinnesotaChapter 504B (Landlord and Tenant)
    MississippiTitle 89 > Chapter 7 – Landlord and Tenant
    MissouriChapter 441 (Landlord and Tenant)
    MontanaChapter 24. Residential Landlord and Tenant Act
    NevadaChapter 118A (Landlord and Tenant)
    NebraskaArticle 14, Landlord and Tenant
    New HampshireChapter 540 (Actions Against Tenants)
    New JerseyTitle 46 (2013 Revised Statutes “PROPERTY”)
    New MexicoOwner-Resident Relations
    New YorkArticle 7: Landlord and Tenant
    North CarolinaChapter 42 (Landlord and Tenant)
    North DakotaChapter 47-16 (Leasing of Property)
    OhioChapter 5321 (Titled: Landlords and Tenants)
    OklahomaTitle 41 (Landlord and Tenant)
    OregonTitle 10, Chapter 90 (Residential Landlord & Tenant)
    PennsylvaniaLandlord and Tenant Act of 1951 (Title 68)
    Rhode IslandResidential Landlord and Tenant Act (Chapter 34-18)
    South CarolinaResidential Landlord and Tenant Act (Title 27, Chapter 40)
    South DakotaChapter 43-32 (Lease of Real Property)
    TennesseeTitle 66, Chapter 28 (Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act)
    TexasResidential Title 8, Chapter 92
    UtahTitle 57 – Real Estate
    VermontTitle 9, Chapter 137: Residential Rental Agreements
    VirginiaVirginia Residential Landlord and Tenant Act
    WashingtonState Laws (Title 59)
    West VirginiaState Codes Chapter 37 (Real Property)
    WisconsinChapter 704 (Landlord & Tenant)
    WyomingArticle 12 (Residential Rental Property)

    Security deposit laws

    The security deposit is an amount paid by tenants to the landlord at the beginning of a lease and returned after the tenant vacates the premises. The tenant may forfeit the deposit if the tenant cancels the lease or is evicted. A certain sum may be deducted from the deposit if there is damage found at the end of the lease which does not fall within the scope of normal wear and tear.

    StateMaximum ($)ReturningStatute
    Alabama1 month’s rent60 days the termination date and delivery of possession§ 35-9A-201(a)35-9A-201(b)
    Alaska2 months’ rent14 days if the tenant leaves on time, 30 days if not§ 34.03.070(a)§ 34.03.070(g)
    Arizona1.5 months’ rent14 days from move-out inspection (excl. weekends and holidays)§ 33-1321
    Arkansas2 months’ rent60 days from termination of tenancy§ 18-16-304§ 18-16-305
    California2 months’ rent (unfurnished), 3 months’ rent (furnished)60 days from the move-out date1950.5
    ColoradoNo limit1 month if mentioned in the lease, 2 months if not§ 38-12-103 & § 38-12-104
    Connecticut1 month’s rent is 62 years or older, 2 months’ rent if younger30 days from the move-out date or 15 days from receiving the tenant’s new address§ 47a-21
    Delaware1 month’s rent for 1-year leases. No limit for all others.20 days from the termination dateTitle 25 § 5514
    FloridaNo limit30 days if deductions, 15 days if no deductions§ 83.49(3)(a)
    GeorgiaNo limit1 month from the termination date§ 44-7-34
    Hawaii1 month’s rent (excluding pet fee)14 days from the termination date§ 521-44
    IdahoNo limit30 days if stated in the lease, 21 days if not§ 6-321
    IllinoisNo limit30 days if deductions, 45 days if no deductions765 ILCS 710
    IndianaNo limit45 days from the termination date§ 32-31-3-12
    Iowa2 months’ rent30 days after the tenant has vacated§ 562A.12
    Kansas1 month’s rent (unfurnished), 1.5 months’ rent (furnished)30 days from the termination date§ 58-2550
    KentuckyNo limit60 days from the lease termination date§ 383.580(7)
    LouisianaNo limit1 month from the termination dateRevised Statute 9:3251
    Maine2 months’ rent30 days if the lease is fixed-period, 21 days if tenancy-at-will§ 6032§ 6033
    Maryland2 months’ rent45 days from the termination date§ 8–203
    Massachusetts1 month’s rent30 days after the tenant has vacatedChapter 186, Section 15B
    Michigan1.5 months’ rent30 days from the end of occupancy§ 554.602§ 554.609
    MinnesotaNo limit3 weeks from the termination date§ 504B.178
    MississippiNo limit45 days from the end of tenancy§ 89-8-21
    Missouri2 months’ rent30 days from the termination of tenancy§ 535.300
    MontanaNo limit30 days if deductions, 10 days if no deductions§ 70-25-202
    Nebraska1 month’s rent (excluding pet fee)14 days of move-out§ 76-1416
    Nevada3 months’ rent30 days from the end of tenancyNRS 118A.242
    New Hampshire1 month’s rent or $100, whichever is greater30 days, 20 days if the property is shared with the landlordRSA 540-A:6RSA 540-A:7
    New Jersey1.5 months’ rent30 days from the termination date§ 46:8-21.2§ 46:8-21.1
    New Mexico1 month’s rent for leases 1-year and under. No limit for residential leases more than 1-year.30 days from the termination date§ 47-8-18
    New York1 month’s rent14 days after the tenant has vacatedEmergency Tenant Protection Act 576/74(f)§ 7-108 (e)
    North Carolina2 months’ rent, for tenancy-at-will only 1.5 months’ rent30 days if no deductions, if deductions then an additional 30 days§ 42-51§ 42-52
    North Dakota1 month’s rent for no pets, 2 months’ rent if pets30 days from the termination date§ 47-16-07.1
    OhioNo limit30 days from the termination date§ 5321.16
    OklahomaNo limit45 days from the termination date§ 41-115(B)
    OregonNo limit31 days from the termination date§ 90.300
    Pennsylvania2 months’ rent30 days from the termination date§ 250.511a§ 250.512
    Rhode Island1 month’s rent20 days from the termination date§ 34-18-19
    South CarolinaNo limit30 days from the termination date§ 27-40-410
    South Dakota1 month’s rent14 days if no deductions, 45 days if deductions§ 43-32-6.1§ 43-32-24
    TennesseeNo limit30 days from the termination date§ 66-28-301
    TexasNo limit30 days after the tenant has vacated§ 92.103
    UtahNo limit30 days from the termination date§ 57-17-3
    VermontNo limit14 days, 60 days if a seasonal property§ 4461
    Virginia2 months’ rent45 days from the termination date§ 55.1-1226(A)
    WashingtonNo limit21 days from the tenant’s move-out date§ 59.18.280
    West VirginiaNo limit60 days unless the property is re-rented within 45 days, then immediately§ 37-6A-1
    WisconsinNo limit21 days from the tenant’s vacancy date§ 134.06
    WyomingNo limit30 days from lease termination or 15 days from receiving the tenant’s forwarding address, whichever is lesser§ 1-21-1208(A)

    Maximum amount

    The maximum amount for the security deposit varies from state to state with some States setting the maximum amount at one month’s rent while others have No specified limit and the security deposit amount.

    Returning laws

    As with the maximum amount of money required for the security deposit, the returning laws governing each property vary from state to state and the terms can go from 14 days in some States to 60 days from the date of the lease termination.

    Landlord’s access

    The landlord’s access refers to the right of the landlord to enter the property of the tenant with sufficient notice. The notice period for landlord success is determined by the state under which the property falls. The landlord may provide the right to the entry form to the tenant on the property, post the form to the property or place the farm under the tenant’s door six days before the entry date.

    StateRequired NoticeStatute
     Alabama2 days§ 35-9A-303
     Alaska24 hours§ 34.03.140
     Arizona48 hours § 33-1343
     ArkansasN/AN/A
     California24 for non-emergency, 48 hours for the move-out inspection§ 1954
     Colorado*N/A*N/A
     ConnecticutReasonable notice§ 47a-16
     Delaware48 hoursTitle 25 § 5509
     Florida12 hours§ 83.53
     Georgia*N/A*N/A
     Hawaii2 days§ 521-53
     Idaho*N/A*N/A
     Illinois*N/A*N/A
     IndianaReasonable notice§ 32-31-5-6
     Iowa24 hours§ 562A.19
     KansasReasonable notice§ 58-2557
     Kentucky2 days§ 383.615
     Louisiana*N/A*N/A
     Maine24 hours§ 6025
     Maryland*N/A*N/A
     MassachusettsReasonable noticeSanitary Code (410.810)
     Michigan*N/A*N/A
     MinnesotaReasonable notice§ 504B.211
     Mississippi*N/A*N/A
     Missouri*N/A*N/A
     Montana24 hours§ 70-24-312
     Nebraska1 day§ 76-1423
     Nevada24 hoursNRS 118A.330
     New HampshireReasonable noticeRSA 540-A:3
     New Jersey1 day§ 5:10-5.1
     New Mexico24 hours§ 47-8-24
     New York*N/A*N/A
     North Carolina*N/A*N/A
     North DakotaReasonable notice§ 47-16-07.3
     Ohio24 hours§ 5321.04
     Oklahoma1 day§ 41-128
     Oregon24 hours§ 90.322
     Pennsylvania*N/A*N/A
     Rhode Island2 days§ 34-18-26
     South Carolina24 hours§ 27-40-530
     South Dakota24 hours§ 43-32-32
     Tennessee24 hours§ 66-28-403
     Texas*N/A*N/A
     Utah24 hours§ 57-22-4
     Vermont48 hours§ 4460
     Virginia24 hours§ 55.1-1229(A)
     Washington2 days for repairs, 1 day for showings§ 59.18.150
    West Virginia*N/A*N/A
     WisconsinAdvance Notice§ 704.05(2)
     Wyoming*N/A*N/A

    Grace periods

    The Grace period is meant to protect the tenant from being charged a penalty or evicted during a period Where the rent is due. The rent is still considered late and will reflect negatively on the tenant’s rental history however the tenants will not be charged a late fee.

    StateWhen is Rent Due?Laws
     AlabamaOn the due date (no grace period)§ 35-9A-161(c)
     AlaskaOn the due date (no grace period)AS 34.03.020(c)
     ArizonaOn the due date (no grace period)ARS 33-1314(c)
     ArkansasOn the due date in the lease, but there is a 5-day grace period before a late fee may be imposed§ 18-17-401(b)(1)§ 18-17-701(b)
     CaliforniaOn the due date (no grace period)CIV Code 1947
     ColoradoNot definedNo statute
     Connecticut9-day grace period.§ 47a-3a(a)§ 47a-15a
     DelawareOn the due date in the lease, but there is a 5-day grace period before a late fee may be imposedTitle 25, § 5501(b),  Title 25, § 5501(d)
     FloridaOn the due date (no grace period)§ 83.46(1)
     GeorgiaNot definedNo statute
     HawaiiOn the due date (no grace period)§ 521-21(b)
     IdahoNot definedNo statute
     IllinoisNot definedNo statute
     IndianaNot definedNo statute
     IowaOn the due date (no grace period)562A.9(3)
     KansasOn the due date (no grace period)§ 58-2545(c)
     KentuckyOn the due date (no grace period)§ 383.565(2)
     LouisianaOn the due date (no grace period)La. Civ. Code art. 2703(1)
     Maine15-day grace periodChapter 710, §6028(1)
     MarylandOn the due date (no grace period)§ 8-401(a)
     Massachusetts30-day grace period.Chapter 186, Section 15B(1)(c)
     MichiganOn the due date (no grace period)§ 554.131
     MinnesotaNot definedNo statute
     MississippiNot definedNo statute
     MissouriOn the due date (no grace period)Rev. § 535.060
     MontanaOn the due date (no grace period)§ 70-24-201(2)(c)
     NebraskaOn the due date (no grace period)§ 76-1414(3)
     NevadaOn the due date (no grace period)NRS 118A.210(1)
     New HampshireNot definedNo statute
     New Jersey5 business day grace period§ 2A:42-6.1(1)
     New MexicoOn the due date (no grace period)§ 47-8-15(B)
     New York5-day grace periodHousing Stability and Tenant Protection act of 2019
     North Carolina4-day grace period§ 42-46(a)
     North DakotaNot definedNo statute
     OhioNot definedNo statute
     OklahomaOn the due date (no grace period)§ 41-109(B)
     OregonOn the due date in the lease, but there is a 4-day grace period before a late fee may be imposed§ ORS 90.220(7)(a)ORS 90.260(1)(a)
     PennsylvaniaNot definedNo statute
     Rhode IslandOn the due date (no grace period)§ 34-18-15(c)
     South CarolinaOn the due date (no grace period)§ 27-40-310(c)
     South DakotaNot definedNo statute
     TennesseeOn the due date in the lease, but there is a 5-day grace period before a late fee may be imposed§ 66-28-201(c)§ 66-28-201(d)
     TexasNot definedNo statute
     UtahNot definedNo statute
     VermontOn the due date (no grace period)9 V.S.A. § 4455
     VirginiaOn the due date in the lease, but there is a 5-day grace period before a late fee may be imposed§ 55.1-1204(C)(4)§ 55.1-1204(C)(5) 
     Washington5-day grace periodRCW 59.18.170
    West VirginiaNot definedNo statute
     WisconsinNot definedNo statute
     WyomingNot definedNo statute

    Late rent fees

    The maximum amount allowed to be charged for late rent fees is No specified amount in most States. While this does not mean that the state does not allow the landlord to charge a tenant for late fees, it actually means that the landlord may charge as much money as they desire as long as it is specified within the lease.

    StateLate Rent Fees (maximum allowed)Laws
     AlabamaNot definedNo statute
     AlaskaNot definedNo statute
     ArizonaNo maximum, although it must be stated in the lease.ARS 33-1368(B)
     ArkansasNot definedNo statute
     CaliforniaMust be a “good faith estimate of the damages likely to be suffered by the landlord in the case of a late payment.” Also, the late fee must be written in the lease.Orozco v. Casimiro, 121 Cal. App.4th Supp. 7 (2004)CIV Code 1962
     ColoradoNot definedNo statute
     ConnecticutNot definedNo statute
     Delaware5% of the monthly rent amountTitle 25, § 5501(d)
     FloridaNot definedNo statute
     Georgia“All contracts for rent shall bear interest from the time the rent is due”Ga. Code § 44-7-16
     Hawaii8% of the monthly rent amount§ 521-21(f)
     IdahoNot definedNo statute
     IllinoisOutside Chicago – Not defined Chicago only – $10.00 per month for the first $500.00 in monthly rent plus five percent per month for any amount in excess of $500.00 in monthly rent for the late payment of rent.No statute 5-12-140(h)
     IndianaNot definedNo statute
     IowaIf the rent does not exceed $700/month, the late fee cannot exceed more than $12/day per day or $60/month. If the rent is greater than $700/month, the late cannot exceed more than $20/day or $100/month.562A.9(4)
     KansasNot definedNo statute
     KentuckyNot definedNo statute
     LouisianaNot definedNo statute
     Maine4% of the monthly rent amountChapter 710, §6028(2)
     Maryland5% of the monthly rent amountMd. Code, Real. Prop. § 8-208(d)(3)
     MassachusettsNot definedNo statute
     MichiganNot definedNo statute
     Minnesota8% of the monthly rent amount504B.177(a)
     MississippiNot definedNo statute
     MissouriNot definedNo statute
     MontanaNot definedNo statute
     NebraskaNot definedNo statute
     Nevada5% of the monthly rent amountNRS 118A.210(4)(a)
     New HampshireNo definedNo statute
     New JerseyOutside Jersey City – Not defined Jersey City only – $35No statute Ord. 20-036
     New Mexico10% of the monthly rent amount§ 47-8-15(B)
     New York$50 or 5% of the monthly rent amount, whichever is lessHousing Stability and Tenant Protection act of 2019
     North Carolina$15 or 5% of the monthly rent amount, whichever is greater.§ 42-46(a)(1)
     North DakotaNot definedNo statute
     OhioNot definedNo statute
     OklahomaNot definedNo statute
     Oregon5% of the monthly rent amount, charged once for each succeeding 5-day periodORS 90.260(2)(c)
     PennsylvaniaNot definedNo statute
     Rhode IslandNot definedNo statute
     South CarolinaNot definedNo statute
     South DakotaNot definedNo statute
     Tennessee10% of the monthly rent amount§ 66-28-201(d)
     Texas12% of the monthly rent amount if located in a building with 4 units or under or10% of the monthly rent amount if located in a building with more than 4 unitsSec. 92.019(1)
     UtahNot definedNo statute
     VermontNot definedNo statute
     Virginia10% of the monthly rent amount§ 55.1-1204(E)
     WashingtonNot definedNo statute
    West VirginiaNot definedNo statute
     WisconsinNot definedNo statute
     WyomingNot definedNo statute

    Responsibilities of a Landlord

    A landlord’s responsibilities include the following:

    • Maintenance and repair of the normal wear and tear of appliances such as heater or air conditioner.
    • Respect of the tenant’s right to quiet enjoyment which involves no unnecessary visits to the property and ensuring a quiet environment for the tenant devoid of noise, dogs barking for instance.
    • Provision of a safe and clean home for the term of the lease by ensuring the absence of mold, fixing ventilation problems, resolution of water damage and other precautions to ensure the safety and comfort of the tenant.
    • Refunding the security deposit to tenants that treats the property with respect and leaves the property in good condition at the end of the lease term.
    • Providing advance notice before entering the premises for repairs or other relevant reasons.

    Note: The responsibilities of landlords differ according to state law governing landlord-tenant relations that specify how landlords should handle evictions, security deposits, and access to the property.

    Occupant and Tenant Difference

    It is important to distinguish between a tenant and an occupant, as both people live in a rented property. However, a tenant is a person who has signed a lease contract with the landlord. Only the tenant carries the associated financial obligations such as the rent payment and repairs on the property, and as such, the tenant and Joyce the privileges and concessions provided by the landlord which includes waivers.

    An occupant on the other hand is a person that resides in the tenant’s leased space with the permission of the landlord’s full stop One time could be a family member or significant other or a friend. An occupant does not pay rent and is not entitled to the tenants’ rights under the law.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    What does rent-to-own mean?

    Also known as the option to purchase or lease-to-own, rent to own regard to a tenancy agreement that provides the tenants with the opportunity to purchase the rental property from the landlord. A rent-to-own agreement requires the renter to pay a non-refundable option fee and the landlord provides the renter an option to purchase the property at a predetermined price. The option fee is nonrefundable should a tenant Act not purchase the property.

    Do I need to notarize my Residential Lease Agreement?

    Like any other contract, there is no need to notarize a lease agreement template.

    How do I rent a room in my house?

    To rent out a room in your house, you need to first prepare the house and decide which one you want to rent after which you need to figure out the charge for renting the room. Once this is done place a specific advertisement specifying the type of tenants you want then using your intuition, screen prospective tenants and verify them with the credit check. Once this is done draught a rental agreement template specifying all verbal agreements previously had in the discussions prior to the establishment of the rental agreement.

    Do I have to list occupants in the lease?

    Occupants of the rented property and not required to sign the lease agreement however the tenant is required to name every occupant in the lease agreement to inform the landlord of how many people will be living in the rental unit.

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